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Research reports and publications


Ofsted (2005) Managing challenging behaviour

This report gives an account of behaviour in schools based on national evidence and provides an analysis of behaviour in a range of educational settings based on visits by Ofsted. The settings included early years provision, mainstream and special schools, pupil referral units, secure training centres and colleges.

Ofsted (2008) Curriculum innovation in schools

This report focuses on curriculum innovation in schools and the factors that contribute to its success. The small scale survey that formed the basis of the report found that the innovations that most of the schools visited had made had improved pupils' achievement and personal development. Successful change relied on strong leadership at all levels, a shared understanding of the reasons and need for innovation, and committed staff who had been prepared and trained carefully to implement change.


Medcalf, R. (2006) Acknowledging the importance of Physical Education for children with Emotional and Behavioural Difficulties - A series of Case Studies. Behaviour4Learning

The aim of this undergraduate research was to propose how children experiencing emotional and behavioural difficulties can possibly benefit from a flexible and differentiated curriculum with PE at its core. A further intention was to stress how this could be done without the need to ostracise or exclude them from mainstream education. Implications for other curriculum areas can be inferred.


Medcalf, R., Marshall, J. & Rhoden, C. (2006) Exploring the relationship between physical education and enhancing behaviour in pupils with emotional behavioural difficulties. Support for Learning, Vol 21 (4)

This article contributes to an evidence base suggesting that PE offers particular advantages for promoting improved behaviour. The research design involved using statistical approaches to investigate the behaviour of 4 male pupils, aged 15 year old, all of whom were statemented for EBD in mainstream classes. Assessments were made of both Pre- and Post PE lesson behaviour for 10 consecutive weeks. 'On task' behaviour improved following PE lessons leading to the conclusion that the sequencing (and, potentially, activity levels) in subject curriculum planning may be a factor in improving pupil behaviour.


Hayward, G., Hodgson, A., Johnson, J., Oancea, A.,  Pring, R., Spours, K,. Wilde, S. & Wright, S. (2006) Nuffield Review Annual Report 2005-06 Dept. Educational Studies. University

This Report highlights, amongst other things, the need for more opportunities for young people outside of education and training. It found that the jobs market for 16 and 17 year olds was mainly in low-skilled, poorly paid jobs, without training opportunities. It also described as a 'major problem' the failure of many young people to engage in education. It said: "that failure is partly due to inappropriate targets, learning experiences and forms of assessment."


SACSA (2001) Just schooling: Curriculum, behaviours (including bullying) and gender

This paper presents the view that anti-social and violent behaviours, which include bullying, are linked to the construction of gender and power relations between boys and boys, boys and girls and girls and girls. The understanding of this link could lead to improvements in behaviours and learning outcomes.

Lewis, J. (1999) Research Into the Concept of Resilience as A Basis for the Curriculum for Children with E.B.D. The Journal of Emotional and Behavioural Difficulties, vol. 4 (2)

This paper explores the role of the school in encouraging learning outside of the classroom, making links with the 'Every Child Matters' and 'Extended Schools' initiatives as it does so.

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