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Resource Area

Models for promoting behaviour change

Practicioners & Evidence

This resource area looks at various models and programmes which can be incorporated into an educational setting in order to promote positive behaviour in learners. The various behaviour change programs have evolved over time and encompass a broad range of activities and approaches, which focus on many factors. These foci include:

  • the individual;
  • the educational setting;
  • consistent approaches;
  • school leadership;
  • classroom management;
  • rewards and sanctions;
  • behaviour strategies;
  • staff development and support;
  • pupil support systems;
  • liaison with parents and external agencies;
  • managing pupil transition;
  • organisation and facilities;
  • community and environmental influences on behaviour.


It is now generally accepted that models for promoting behaviour change are most effective when they focus on a systemic and holistic approach. Most schools will stress the importance of creating a positive child-centred school ethos to underpin behaviour management. This involves clear expectations, rewards and sanctions and a consistent approach. However questions around 'the role of schools' are complex and consideration must also be given to the roles and responsibilities of others such as parents/carers, peers, the wider community and government and to where they fit in a holistic approach to behaviour management and change.

This said the greatest consideration will always be the individual. There is a considerable body of evidence indicating that developing children's social, emotional and behaviour skills is an important and effective way of improving children's behaviour and attendance and their learning. Within this resource area there is information on models for promoting emotional intelligence and emotional literacy within the individual as well as system level models focussing on improving the teaching of self-awareness, managing feelings, empathy, motivation, social skills, values and confidence.


The resources on these pages contain information and documents that can start to develop some of the key principles of effective behaviour change models. They can either provide starting points or more focussed resources in order to change current practice. It draws on scientifically focused research, educational research, active practice, information websites and other relevant documents

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