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Guidance and toolkits

This section provides links to key guidance and toolkits related to creating learning environments for young people in custody or at risk of offending that encourage positive behaviour

Youth Justice Board for England and Wales (2006) Managing the Behaviour of Children and Young People in the Secure Estate

This document sets out a framework for developing a behaviour management strategy in the secure estate, identifying the essential components and the underlying principles of effective practice. The aim of the Code is to guide the practice of all staff responsible for managing the behaviour of children and young people sentenced or remanded to custody in England and Wales. It does not explicitly apply to the behaviour of children held in secure establishments on welfare grounds, although in practice the same principles should apply.

Youth Justice Board for England and Wales (February 2002) Rewards and Sanctions Systems. Guidance (and mandatory requirements) in the juvenile secure estate

This is a Youth Justice Board guidance document to assist staff in secure facilities in ensuring that their rewards and sanction systems are consistent with key aims, principles and objectives which are specifically focussed on positively influencing the behaviour of young people.

YJB (2008) Key Elements of Effective Practice (KEEP) series. YJB

Originally published in 2002, the Key Elements of Effective Practice have been updated as part of Youth Justice: The Scaled Approach. Some of the previous titles have been discontinued and new titles added, to ensure they reflect the core underpinning practices of assessment and planning, and engaging young people, and the types of intervention that may be provided to address the assessed risks and needs of young people who offend. The 10 current Key Elements of Effective Practice published by the YJB are:

  • Accommodation
  • Assessment, Planning Interventions and Supervision
  • Education, Training and Employment
  • Engaging Young People Who Offend
  • Mental Health
  • Offending Behaviour Programmes
  • Parenting
  • Restorative Justice
  • Substance Misuse
  • Young People who Sexually Abuse

The YJB recommends that the revised Key Elements of Effective Practice are used by youth justice services as the primary tool for evidence-based self-assessment and quality assurance.

NOMS (2007) Working with employers to Reducing Re-offending - A Practitioners' Toolkit

This toolkit is a resource for managers and practitioners in the National Offender Management Service, the Prison and Probation Services, Jobcentre Plus, the Youth Justice Board, Youth Offending Teams, the Learning and Skills Council and other partners with a responsibility for connecting the offender learning and skills agenda with finding suitable and sustainable employment and for developing strategies for engaging business in reducing re-offending. The advice within the toolkit is based on developing practice in Yorkshire and Humberside. It provides guidance on supporting offenders into work, case studies, and materials to promote the agenda to employers.


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